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Application Examples

Honda R&D Co.,Ltd.
Deciding CFD Tool Based on Thorough Evaluation of
Benchmark Model

The Honda Motorcycle R&D Center (R&D Center) is using SC/Tetra Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software for fluid analysis of key components of Honda motorcycles. The decision to use SC/Tetra was based on results of thorough in-house benchmark tests. Using SC/Tetra, the R&D Center improved the efficiency of the development process for the test case and is now extending its use to other motorcycle components.

Figure 2: Streamlines of the fluid velocity within the intake port (click to enlarge)

 

Successful Analysis Leads to Increased CFD Use​


 The global engine for Honda’s 125cc scooter, PCX, was developed with CFD analysis. PCX is an internationally known brand, which aims to achieve superior environmental performance and drivability for Honda’s commuter vehicle products. The engine was designed with a compact combustion chamber to produce good low-end torque with sufficient engine speed to provide adequate cooling. CFD was performed for the intake and exhaust port designs to improve horsepower and fuel efficiency. As shown in Figure 2, streamlines of air velocity within the port show that the new design enables the air-fuel mixture to flow smoothly into the combustion chamber, with reduced minimal pressure loss. This allows the air velocity within the intake port to increase even at part throttle, which improves throttle response at low- and mid-engine speeds.

 With the success of CFD, SC/Tetra users in the R&D Center are actively initiating more studies of fluid dynamics on their own. Some engineers have taken the examinations to become qualified computational fluid mechanics engineers.

 The R&D Center is pleased with the Cradle software. Apart from Mr. Nomura’s development unit, engineers from the research development division are also starting to use SC/Tetra. With a small amount of training, they have easily started using the software on their own. Even those who had never used SC/Tetra before were able to start performing basic analyses easily.

Revalidation Imperative for Each New Version

 One major opportunity area for improvement at the R&D Center is the revalidation of the software when upgraded to the latest version. SC/Tetra is always being improved with better functionality, efficiency, and user-friendliness. However, even though an engineer may not use a specific function, a change in how the function works in the new version may affect the analysis results. For example, the upgraded version may have a function to generate a higher quality mesh but how this applies to Honda’s specific analysis models must be checked and validated. “These checks aren’t as thorough as the initial installation, but revalidation is still vital for every upgrade,” says Mr. Nomura.

Extending the Range of Application Area and Collaborating with Associates

Figure 3: Temperature of CB300R air-cooling engine

 During initial software installation, the R&D Center has used SC/Tetra to analyze the air-fuel mixture within the intake port. Success in this application prompted them to expand the range of applications. Subsequently they used CFD to evaluate the engine cooling water, and pump flows, and analyze temperature distribution. The temperature distribution data is used as inputs for the structural analysis. Mr. Nomura says “material characteristics such as its elasticity and strength are dependent on temperature. We feel it’s necessary to transfer thermo-fluid analysis output results to the structural analysis.” His remarks indicate the importance of collaborating with other divisions, instead of isolating from each other. In Mr. Nomura’s case, his colleagues and associates are physically located nearby, which made it easier to understand and stay updated about what the other team members were doing and continue to cooperate as the project progresses.

Post-Analysis Operations Making the Difference

 When asked of things to keep in mind when performing a CFD analysis, Mr. Nomura makes a firm answer; “Specifying the correct input conditions is most important. In addition, post-analysis phase is also very important.” Simply performing the simulation and producing the results is not enough. Engineers must decide which simulations will be performed, then predict the outcomes. Finally they must compare the results with the predictions and match the data. “I always tell our engineers that it’s important to observe whether the simulation results conform to the prediction, and if not, you have to think why,” says Mr. Nomura. Often, if there are no standard values or past results to assess the accuracy of the simulation results, the engineers may be deluded into blindly believing the results if they don’t conduct their initial due diligence. “That’s why I check with our engineers to see if they can truly con firm the design to the degree that it is accurate enough to be used for actual manufacturing,” says Mr. Nomura. Getting real results that differ from the prediction is a good opportunity for engineers to think through the cause of the error - whether there was a problem with their initial thinking and understanding of the problem or whether there is a problem with the analysis process. Mr. Nomura is fortunate to have self-motivated thinkers on his team and he rarely has to point out small details.

 As a result of using SC/Tetra, the R&D Center has radically reduced the number of model modifications needed after producing the test prototype. For the intake port, prototype tests resulted in some additional design changes, but much fewer than before CFD was used. Fewer changes were also made to the engine coolant passages, which were previously often modified after running actual tests.

 The software was also very valuable for visualization. Engineers who aren’t familiar with the powerful post-processing capabilities of CFD analysis software are amazed by the sophisticated visualization functions in the tool that make it easier to recognize the fluid flow and deepen their understanding of fluid dynamics.

Expectation for Coupled Analysis with 1D Simulations

 The R&D Center uses SC/Tetra to perform fluid analysis and collaboration with structural analysis for intake port design, but they are now planning to extend the application further. This includes coupling with one dimensional simulations and actively conducting coupling analysis using engine model simulation software and other tools.

 “Optimization is our future challenge,” states Mr. Nomura. Although optimization has widely been implemented in the analysis world, Mr. Nomura thinks incorporating optimization into the workflow is still premature for his team. Mr. Nomura expects large scale computing power will be needed to optimize three dimensional data. He expects that optimizing part allocation and angle modifications will be performed first before optimizing the entire model.

 Mr. Nomura and his team at the R&D Center have maintained an ideal-driven attitude towards the use of CFD software. They want to use the tool that generates results in the minimum amount of time and with a very high degree of accuracy. SC/Tetra has satisfied their strict selection criteria and continues to gain credibility. Using SC/Tetra will continue to enable the R&D Center to develop quality products in less time and expand the number of product applications.

*All product and service names mentioned are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective companies.
*Contents and specifications of products are as of January 1, 2014 and subject to change without notice. We shall not be held liable for any errors in figures and pictures, or any typographical errors.

Company Details



 

Honda R&D Co.,Ltd.
Established 1960
Business Research and development of transportation machinery and appliances
Representative Yoshiharu Yamamoto (CEO and President)
Head Office Wako-shi, Saitama, Japan
Capital 7.4 billion JPY
URL http://www.honda.co.jp/RandD/

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