[Vol. 1] Mr. Toshikazu Nozawa, the Research Associate at the Tohoku Institute of Technology (Picture 1), has been investigating wind minimization and power-generating wind turbines. Both are possible alternatives for windbreak trees lost in the tsunami that struck northeastern Japan in 2011. Here, Mr. Nozawa explains his research pursuits and his use of CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) in his work.
A considerable number of windbreak trees were lost when the deadly tsunami struck northeastern Japan in 2011. Although replanting is in progress, it will take dozens of years for the trees to fully grow and properly function as windbreaks. Meanwhile, local people, who reside by the coast, are exposed to the strong winds from the sea without any filters or shields. Excessively strong winds can be a natural hazard and cause damage to buildings and crops.
Mr. Nozawa has been investigating whether wind turbines can assume the role of the lost windbreaks. He proposes using a wind turbine that reduces the wind velocity to one tenth of the incoming wind speed, and reduces the corresponding pressure one hundredth the incoming value, as an alternative to windbreaks. The wind turbine can also generate electricity. Mr. Nozawa is currently experimenting with a prototype turbine in collaboration with local enterprises. The goal is to re-establish the windbreak environment in Arahama in Sendai, his hometown in northeastern Japan, which is close to the sea.
Tokyo Electron Miyagi Limited has installed the wind turbine proposed by Mr. Nozawa to solve the problem of strong winds. The wind, which can blow as high as 10 m/s, blew off the main gate at a facility and blew down a staff. The story of Mr. Nozawa’s turbine and the experiments at Arahama drew their attention. Tokyo Electron Miyagi now has ten of Mr. Nozawa's turbines operating (Fig 1-3).
Mr. Nozawa’s wind turbines can be installed not only in the countryside, by the sea, or in hazard-stricken areas but also in urban environments to minimize strong winds that arise between tall buildings. In theory, wind turbines can be used anyplace where strong winds create problems.
While wind turbines are often associated with power generation, the concept of using wind turbines to weaken wind strength is not as well known. Although researchers in this field were familiar with the fact that wind strength can be reduced by using wind turbines, Mr. Nozawa was the only one to take a notion of actively using them.
Mr. Nozawa's interest in wind turbine research is linked to his earlier studies. Mr. Nozawa was originally a researcher in architectural and structural engineering, rather than mechanical or fluid engineering, and was involved in investigations of building damage caused by typhoons, tornadoes, and other strong winds. As he produced yearly damage reports, he noticed a similarity between the buildings that were damaged by strong winds.
“The area that is likely to be especially damaged is where the wind velocity (wind pressure) becomes greater. I thought that damages could be reduced if we implemented equipment that weakened the wind in the particular spot where the wind was strongest. Back around 2003, I saw that small power generating wind turbines were beginning to become popular. I thought 'why not kill two birds with one stone?' by implementing wind turbines which can weaken winds and generate power at the same time,” explains Mr. Nozawa.
However, Mr. Nozawa was confronted by two problems: noise and visual design caused by the turbine propeller, which was typical of the time. To solve these, Mr. Nozawa began development of straight wing vertical axis wind turbines. The design was based on the Darrieus wind turbine. Initial experimental results showed only a 20% power generating efficiency, but the efficiency to weaken the wind strength proved quite high. “At that time, my priority was shifted to weakening the wind rather than power generation. I thought this could help people around the world who suffer the negative effects of excessively strong winds,” says Mr. Nozawa.
Mr. Nozawa asked questions to users of small power generating wind turbines to find out whether a demand to weaken winds really existed. He learned that many were facing problems with strong winds. Convinced that the topic is worth exploring, Mr. Nozawa turned to further investigation.
“The concept of weakening the wind, in other words, weakening the external force, is not well accepted. Improving the endurance (strength) of structures to withstand strong winds has always been the common approach,” says Mr. Nozawa. He considered that the common approach may not be the best solution for wind problems surrounding old or damaged buildings in hazard-stricken areas. Perhaps his idea was better. That inspiration led to the experiments in Arahama to validate the performance of his wind turbine design.
|Type of university||Private|
|Location||Taihaku-ku, Sendai, Japan (Yagiyama campus)/td>|
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