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Azbil Corporation
Achieving Size Miniaturization and Noise Reduction of Control Valves

Azbil uses CFD analysis to design control valves and explains how implementation of this highly accurate ­fluid analysis design system that employs frequently upgraded analysis functions has helped them to successfully reduce cost. Mr. Yoshio Nomaguchi from Azbil (Development 1, Valve Product Development Dept.) tells the story behind Azbil’s success.

Figure 1: Control valves for
system developed by Azbil

 Azbil Corporation is one of the largest measurement and control equipment manufacturers in Japan. The company officially established its symbol “azbil” and group philosophy in 2006, with the objective “to contribute to global environment preservation through human-centered automation." This was followed by the corporate name change from Yamatake Corporation to Azbil Corporation in 2012.

 Azbil mainly consists of three businesses.

  • Building Automation: air-conditioning products and services designed for building market,
  • Advanced Automation: control equipment and services for plants and factories, and
  • Life Automation: products and services related to everyday life, such as gas and water meters, and related to heath care and nursing care.

Mr. Yoshio Nomaguchi
Azbil Corporation
Assistant Manager Development 1
Valve Product Development

 Mr. Nomaguchi is in charge of developing control valves, one of Azbil’s major products, which are inserted between pipes to adjust the fluid flow for transferring liquid and air in pipes for plants, factories and air-conditioning systems. Having sold domestically produced control valves in Japan since 1936, Azbil is known as a pioneer in this fi­eld with rich history of successful sales records.

Figure 2: Diagram of air-conditioning system with control valves.
Click to enlarge.

 Azbil’s control valves can be categorized into two types. 

  • Process control for plants and factories, and
  • Air-conditioning control for buildings (e.g. offi­ce buildings, hospitals, etc.).

 Mr. Nomaguchi’s division deals with the latter.

 As illustrated in figure 2, chilled/hot water is pumped to each floor, and when it reaches to the air-conditioner, heat is exchanged, creating cold/hot air. Control valves adjust the amount of chilled/hot water flow in the system. The valves can be small or large depending on system requirements. A valve can fit in one hand or be so large that it weighs over 100kg.

Demand for Smaller Valve with Lower Noise

 Just as there has been a growing demand in recent years for almost all products to become smaller and lighter, the same applies to control valves. Miniaturizing is also energy efficient for equipment like control valves which are operated by electric motors. Smaller internal components reduce energy consumption. In addition, a smaller valve makes the overall weight lighter and easier to install. Mr. Nomaguchi says that it’s essential to design the valve that enables to get the required flow, and meet other design requirements while making the valve as small as possible.

 ​​The design must achieve less fluid noise and less cavitation (formation of vapor cavities in liquid when the pressure rapidly decreases). Cavitation creates fluid noise and damages the valves. According to Mr. Nomaguchi, until recently their designing process involved using estimations from their experiences for how much flow can be expected for a certain flow passage area. Since facing the situation where they must take fluid noise and cavitation into consideration, they decided to apply fluid analysis software.

Most Reliable Software Produced by a Japanese Firm

 Mr. Nomaguchi claims that what convinced Azbil to employ SC/Tetra compared to other fluid analysis software, were the facts that its analysis and test results are in close agreement with the experimental results and that it is capable of flexibly generating a mesh because of its unstructured mesh. Cradle, the developer of SC/Tetra, was also responsive to Azbil's request for support. This enabled them to solve problems quickly with the respective staffs keeping in touch through emails and phone. Mr. Nomaguchi considered this as excellent customer support.

 As a team that undertakes product design, prototype development, and experiment execution all by themselves, Mr. Nomaguchi’s division uses SC/Tetra to estimate the flow and velocity distribution within the valve. Analysis models are mainly created by CADthru. “Since upgrading to version 7, SC/Tetra has become much easier to operate, allowing us to specify conditions using the settings wizard. Another change was that if we want to re-analyze using a different condition, we can now easily change input boundary conditions with a text editor without having to restart SC/Tetra,” says Mr. Nomaguchi.

* All product and service names mentioned are registered trademarks or trademarks of respectable companies.
* Contents and specifications of products are as of April 1, 2013 and subject to change without notice. We shall not be held liable for any errors in figures and pictures, or any typographical errors.

Company Details


Azbil Corporation
Established 1906
Businesses Development and designing measurement and control equipment

Seiji Onoki (Chairman)

Hirozumi Sone (President, CEO)

Headquarters Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Number of Employees 5,335 (as of March 2013)
Capital Approx. 10.5 billion JPY
(as of April 2013)



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